Painting Advice

Preparation

Unpainted Surfaces: Doors, windows, frames, skirtings etc

Generally softwood is used in construction and it must be fully dry before painting. Exposed knots and resinous streaks should be treated with two thin coats of knotting solution. Prime all bare wood as soon as possible using a suitable wood primer. Lightly rub down and achieve a smooth, clean condition and brush off all dust. All cracks, nail holes, and splits should be filled using the appropriate internal or external filler. Always fill slightly proud to allow for sanding off. Remember to dust off after sanding Areas that have been filled should be coated with a thin coat of primer/undercoat or the appropriate finish before applying the finishing coats to achieve even absorbency Previously Painted Surfaces: Timber - doors, windows, frames, skirtings etc

All loose, defective, blistered, or peeling coatings should be completely removed. The paint can be removed by scraping, using a hot air stripper, or chemical remover. Any rotten or defective timber that is revealed should be replaced. All paintwork in good condition should be washed down using sugar soap or a suitable detergent to remove all traces of surface contamination. Whilst washing the surfaces a wet or dry abrasive paper can be used to provide a ?key? for the next coatings. Any bare timber that has been revealed should have two thin coats of knotting solution applied to knots and resinous streaks followed by an appropriate wood primer. Cracks, splits and indentations etc require filling with the appropriate material. For best results fill slightly proud of the surface to allow for sanding and dust off. Spot coat all filled areas with a primer/undercoat before applying the finishing coats

Metal

Unpainted Surfaces: Radiators, garage doors, gates, gutters etc

Clean the surface down with a mild detergent to remove all traces of surface contamination and ensure the surface is clean and dry

Previously Painted Surfaces: Radiators, garage doors, gates, gutters etc

Remove all rust if possible by scraping, chipping, wire brushing etc. Scrape off any loose and flaking paint back to a firm edge

Plaster/Plasterboard

Unpainted Surfaces: Ceilings, walls etc

        If the plaster is new then it is essential that it is completely dry before painting

Previously Painted Surfaces: Ceilings/walls

 

 

Tools

Having the right tools and equipment to carry out your painting project when using one of our products is essential. Once you have the right tools and equipment you are well on your way!

Tools & Equipment Checklist

Access equipment: Stepladders, ladders and scaffolding may need to be used in certain instances                    

Bin bagsDisposal of rubbish 

BucketsWashing/cleaning down. Wetting wallpaper and mixing paste

 Cloths/rags Cleaning up/wiping down

 Container for paint Enables easy use (often referred to paint kettle)

 Dust brush Removes dirt dust and debris prior to painting

 Dust/protective sheets Cotton or polythene sheeting for covering furniture and carpets

 Filler for making good holes, cracks, splits and indentations in all types of surfaces, both internal and external 

 Filling knife flexible tools for applying filler

 Heat gun Removal of paint from various substrates

 Lid opener for safe removal of lids

 Masking tape Fixing down sheeting, protecting surfaces during painting, i.e. shielding glass during painting of windows

 Newspaper Covering surfaces, masking up glass etc.

 Paint/varnish remover Alternative to heat gun for removing paint

 Power wash Cleaning down masonry surfaces

 Putty Re glazing

 Putty knife Applying putty

 Scrapers Various sizes for removing paper and flaking paint during preparation process

 Sandpaper Various grades for rubbing down surfaces prior to painting

 Sanding block For use with sand paper when rubbing down flat surfaces

 Shave hooks For use with sand paper when rubbing down flat surfaces

 Sponges Washing/cleaning down

 Stirrer Palate knife/flat ended stick for stirring paint

 Paint/varnish remover Alternative to heat gun for removing paint

 Sugar soap Washing/cleaning down surfaces

 Roller arms/cages Various sizes available

 Roller poles Application to high points, easy application

 Roller sleeves Medium pile for smooth and slightly textured surfaces. Heavy pile for textured surfaces such as Artex and pebbledash etc. Foam rollers for applying paint to doors.

 Roller tray various types and sizes. For holding paint during application

 Wet & dry paper Rubbing down surfaces prior to painting

 White spirit Cleaning brushes etc.

 Application

Painting Doors

Flush/unpanelled

             Flush or unpanelled doors should be painted in sections, working down from side to side.

  • The application process can be made easier by applying the majority of the paint using a small foam roller.
  • Paint the edges of the door and a small band across the top with a brush.
  • Starting at the hinge side apply the paint evenly using the foam roller, in square bands of approximately 1/3 of the door. Gently ?lay off? each band in vertical strokes, ensuring no joins are visible between bands.

Panelled

          Panelled doors can also be painted using a foam roller as for flush or unpanelled doors, although this may depend on the size of panel and style of door

  •  Paint all the edges of the door then the interior mouldings of each panel. Fill in the centre of each panel, either by brush or using the foam roller and ?laying off? by brush.
  • After all the panels have been completed paint the vertical sections down the centre of the door between each panel. Then the horizontal rails followed by the two long verticals.

Painting Walls

              Painting the walls is a very similar application to painting ceilings.

  • Begin by painting with a brush the corners and edges of the wall taking care not to touch the ceiling and cut in neatly around sockets and switches etc, ?feather? out the painted edges.
  • Working from the top of the wall to the bottom apply the paint using a large brush, or roller, to avoid the paint drying out during application work in narrow bands and overlap each band to avoid any misses. Carefully roll over the surface in parallel vertical strokes.

 

Painting Metal, Wood, General application

             Application of paints to these types of surfaces will usually be carried out by a brush.

Painting Ceilings

            Ceilings are usually the first items to be painted in a room.